BIM, LEED, IPD, LEAN – The new Alphabet of the Capital Project

Chasey, Allan
(Del E Webb School of Construction, Tempe, AZ)

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With the continued proliferation of acronyms in the construction industry (BIM, LEED, IPD, LEAN, RFID, GPS, GIS), this presentation will review the latest technologies and how we can use them effectively to improve the delivery and operation of the manufacturing facility. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is one of the most promising developments in the construction industry. It represents an accurate virtual model of a facility which can be constructed digitally. The model contains precise geometry and relevant data to support the construction, fabrication, procurement and on-going facility operational activities. BIM, ultimately a digital representation of the physical and functional characteristics of a facility, has become a valuable tool in many sectors of the capital facilities industry. However in current usage, BIM technologies tend to be applied within vertically integrated business functions rather than horizontally across an entire facility lifecycle. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is playing a vital role in defining “Green” or sustainability in the construction field. The awareness for “Green” is rapidly increasing and this “Green” building revolution has been addressed in almost every phase of the facility life-cycle. By following structured systems such as LEED to construct and measure “Green,” the capital project industry is moving beyond conventional practices, even impacting how facilities are operated and maintained. Among currently available sustainability rating systems, LEED is revolutionizing the approach to the built environment by developing different criteria for different facility types. LEAN is process to reduce and eliminate waste. Widespread in the manufacturing arena for years, the construction and maintenance industry is starting to adopt many of the concepts to remove waste and improve the process how facilities are constructed and maintained. Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) is a complement of the BIM/LEED/LEAN process. Since BIM uses 3D modeling technology to design and plan projects, including cost and time, IPD is gaining ground as an improved project delivery process due to the high level of communication and collaboration required around the BIM process. This presentation will put this construction-related alphabet in perspective in the fast paced world of the semiconductor facility to show how risk is reduced and projects are delivered faster.

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